Today, the Apex Court of India gave historical decision. Headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, a Five bench of the Supreme Court announced to legalize the right to die and approved ‘living will’ for passive euthanasia.
As the court began hearing the case a year ago, this case was a step ahead from the Aruna Shanbaug verdict.
Now, the Supreme Court gave permission to passive euthanasia or popularly referred as mercy killing. So from now on, a person under medical treatment can decide when to give-up life support.
The apex court noted that a person must be given the “right to die with dignity”. Meanwhile, the bench also maintained some regulations on passive euthanasia.
Reason Behind the Verdict:
A five judges bench observed that a person should not continue suffering in a comatose state when he/she doesn’t want to live. This order came to existence after a petition for recognition of ‘living will’ made by terminally-ill patients for passive euthanasia.
The bench was hearing the PIL filed in 2005 by an NGO. It said that when a medical expert is of the opinion that a person with a terminal disease has reached a point of no recovery, should be given the right to refuse life.
What is passive euthanasia-
Passive euthanasia term is used by the Supreme court in one of its verdict. It is defined as the stopping medical treatment with the thoughtful intention to hurry a terminally-ill patient’s death.
What is Living Will–
Living will is a written statement which declares a patient’s desires for future medical treatment in circumstances in which they are no longer able to express informed consent.
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