An anti-cyclonic circulation has developed over Northern India areas including New Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Uttarakhand, Mohapatra. A lethal cocktail of air-borne pollutants that has engulfed large parts of northern India.
The smog has reached the worst level this year. It is so dangerous that breathing in air has been compared with being worse than smoking 50 cigarettes a day.
Indian capital New Delhi is facing the severe condition. The smog level in New Delhi is on PM 2.5 which is the most damaging to health. PM 2.5 level in Delhi have reached 40 times the WHO’s safe limit. Schools are shut in Delhi and nearby areas due to worst Air Quality Index.
The WHO says about India on its website,
“Air pollution is a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (umbrella term for several progressive lung diseases including emphysema) and lung cancer, and increases the risks for acute respiratory infections and exacerbates asthma.”
PM 2.5 is Particulate matter which are less than 2.5-micron size. The particulate matter of 10-micron had hit 999 in Punjabi Baugh and RK Puram in Delhi. The lowest reading of PM10 for the National Capital Region was 330 in Gurugram.
Recently WHO updated World’s 100 most polluted cities 2017 list. It has 10 cities of India.
State Capital of Bihar, Patna city has three and a half times higher value of Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter levels than the normal standard value. Industrial emission have resulted in air pollution. People are being diagnosed with severe health issues.
Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh:
Gwalior is the most polluted city in Madhya Pradesh state. It has an annual average 176 PM 2.5 in micrograms per cubic meter. It has 176 PM 2.5 in mg per cubic meter. It has also recorded 329 in PM 10 level. Due to fossil fuels use for vehicles and others, mismanagement of garbage, depletion of water sources, the pollution is increasing.
State capital of Chhattisgarh, Raipur has 250 mg of PM and 350 ppm in the concentration of dust particles. Industrial waste, hospital wastes, vehicle usage increase, construction increasing, population growth are some of reasons for this dangerous level of pollution.
Gujarat’s mega city Ahmedabad is also in the polluted cities list. Ahmedabad has 67 microgram PM 10 per cubic meter.
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