Today, 26th September, 2016, Union Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti and senior officials will brief Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the Indus Water Treaty. Narendra Modi will be debating the pros and cons of taking action against Pakistan.
He think again the details of Indus Water Treaty might be one of the possible moves to cause discomfort to Pakistan. The Indus Water Treaty was sign up between Pandit Nehru and Pak President General Ayub Khan in 1960.
The Indus Water Treaty initiated in China, who haven’t signed any international treaties, and if it plays foul, then India could miss as much as much as 36% river water.
Under the original contract India has rights over three rivers that flow westward that are Sutlej, Beas and Ravi – whereas Pakistan gets water from the other three rivers – Jhelum, Chenab and Indus.
The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-sharing arrangement that was signed by former Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and martial law administrator General Ayub Khan on September 19, 1960, in Karachi.
Indus Water Treaty covers the water distribution and sharing rights of six rivers like Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum. This water sharing agreement was brokered by the World Bank.
The water sharing agreement was signed because the source of all the six rivers of the Indus Basin were in India. It permitted India to use them for irrigation, transport and power generation, even though laying down precise do’s and don’ts for India on building projects along the way.
The Indus Water treaty gave the three “eastern rivers” of Beas, Ravi and Sutlej to India for use of water without any restriction. The rest of three “western rivers” of Indus, Chenab and Jhelum were assigned to Pakistan.
India can build up storage facilities on “western rivers” of up to 3.6 million acre feet, which it has not done so far. India is also permitted agriculture use of 7 lakh acres above the flooded cropped area as on 1st April, 1960.
Nirmal Singh said that, “The treaty has caused vast loss to Jammu and Kashmir as the people of the state cannot fully utilize the waters of various rivers, particularly Chenab in Jammu, for agricultural and other activities.”
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