Cabinet in New Delhi done a big enhancement to Indian economy & generation of new jobs, Govt. of India has allowed malls, shops, eateries, companies, factories to remain open 24*7, 365 days a year. This new rule has been passed after Union Cabinet passes the Model Shops and Creation Bill 2016.
As per Labour Ministry’s strategies, various states can now implement this model law as per their own rules, affecting to specific cases. For the follow of this law Parliament’s approval is not required, this law is now applicable immediately.
Excluding manufacturing units, this new law applies to all commercial entities such as shopping malls, shops, departmental stores, cinemas, banks, offices, factories and warehouses. Earlier this possibility discussion is done but now it become the reality.
Model Shop Establishment Act 2016 Highlights:
The model will cover only establishments employing 10 or more workers excepting manufacturing units.
The Bill offers for freedom to operate 365 days in a year and opening/closing time of establishment.
Women to be permitted during night shift, if the facility of shelter, rest room ladies toilet, satisfactory protection of their self-respect and transportation etc. survives.
No judgement against women in the matter of recruitment, training, transfer or promotions.
Powers of Government to make rules regarding suitable measures to be taken by the employer for the safety and health of workers.
Online one common Registration through a simplified procedure.
Clean and safe drinking water.
Commode, Nativity, first aid and canteen by group of establishments, in case, it is not possible due to constraint in space or otherwise by individual establishment.
Five paid festival holidays in addition to national holidays etc.
Exemption of highly skilled workers (for ex. workers employed in IT, Biotechnology and R&D division) from daily working hours of 9 hours and weekly working hours of 48 hours subject to maximum 125 over-time hours in a quarter.
Former, Govt. had announced Rs 6000 crore package to improve Labour conditions in garment factories.
As per analysis, execution of this rule will result in 10% increase in jobs, all over India. But the security is a major issue which is in the minds of both employers and employees, especially women employees.
Though specific laws exist to ensure safety and security of women employees, such as The Factories Act 1948, Maternity Benefits Act 1961, The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 (“SHA”) and more, implementation of these rules is now in discussion.
Now, with 24 * 7 working allowed, employers would need to take special attention for implementing all these rules and confirming happiness and safety of all workers.
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